Biden Administration Issues Executive Order for New AI Safety Standards – On October 30, President Joe Biden of the United States issued an executive order that sets forth fresh guidelines for ensuring the safety and security of artificial intelligence (AI). President Biden’s order builds upon previous measures, including commitments to AI safety made by 15 prominent industry companies.
These new standards encompass six key principles and include provisions for the ethical utilization of AI within the government, safeguarding citizen privacy, and establishing measures to protect consumer data privacy. The first standard requires developers of the most powerful AI system to share safety test results and “critical information” with the government.
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Secondly, the National Institute of Standards and Technology will develop standardized tools and tests for ensuring AI’s safety, security and trustworthiness. The administration also aims to protect against the risk of AI usage to engineer “dangerous biological materials” through new biological synthesis screening standards. An additional standard involves the pursuit of safeguards against AI-driven fraud and deceit.
This entails the establishment of guidelines and optimal approaches for identifying AI-generated content and verifying the authenticity of official content. Furthermore, there are intentions to enhance the existing AI Cyber Challenge initiated by the administration, with a focus on bolstering a cybersecurity initiative dedicated to creating AI tools for the detection and resolution of vulnerabilities in critical software.
Also, it mandates the creation of a national security memorandum that will provide further guidance on actions pertaining to AI security. The order also touched on the privacy risks of AI: “Without safeguards, AI can put Americans’ privacy further at risk. AI not only makes it easier to extract, identify, and exploit personal data, but it also heightens incentives to do so because companies use data to train AI systems.”
In addition, the President has formally urged Congress to enact bipartisan data privacy laws that emphasize federal backing for the advancement and exploration of privacy methods and technologies. Furthermore, U.S. officials intend to concentrate on progress in equity and civil rights within the realm of AI, promoting the responsible application of AI to enhance consumer welfare, and keeping a close watch on the technology’s influence on the labor market, among other societal concerns.
Lastly, the executive order outlines the administration’s strategy for engaging in global AI regulations. The United States was among the seven G7 nations that recently reached an agreement on a voluntary code of conduct for AI developers. Within the government itself, it says it plans to release clear standards to “protect rights and safety, improve AI procurement, and strengthen AI deployment,” as well as provide AI training for all employees in relevant fields.